Strengthening Metals Through Alloy Production
Metallurgy deals with the study of physical and chemical properties of metals. This science looks at how metals perform and react when used for industrial purposes. Metallurgy refers to the processes used to extract metals from ore. It’s also the procedure used for alloy production and metal purification. It is also used in metal crafting where metals and alloys are used to design and build furniture as well as works of art.
Cultures in the New World of South America began using native copper sometime between 3600 and 1500 BC. Smelting of copper began in Turkey somewhere around 6000 BC. This process was modified around this same time by adding lead to the smelting process.
Metallurgy is also used by archaeologists to describe the study of ancient processes. These early processes were used to produce metal objects. They are also utilised in mine construction, quarrying and smelting. One of the earliest examples of metallurgy is copper hammering. The Old World Neolithic people first used native copper beginning sometime around 800 BC.
About 5000 BC, mining for native metals and materials began. This activity provides a source of metals for native metallurgy. It is believed that gold was first discovered in Bulgaria as a result of mining for copper and lead. In the Americas, gold working started in Peru at the Jiskairumoko site, sometime between 3600 and 1500 BC.